A molding about a fireplace, often highly decorated. In this architectural type the emphasis is on the length and therefore it is often characterized as basilican plan. Two of the sides are trapezoidal in shape, while the remaining two sides are triangular, and thus meet the ridge at its end-points. A platform that projects from the wall of a building, and which is enclosed on its outer three sides by a balustrade, railing, or parapet. Decorative patterns, very common in Byzantine church masonry. Rafters are the inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, to which the roof covering is affixed. window. The space between adjacent columns in a colonnade, frequently determined by some multiple of the diameter of the column itself. A characteristic (particularly of classical architecture) by which the two sides of a facade or architectural floor plan of a building present mirror images of one another. The oldest octagonal church is the katholikon of the Monastery of Ossios Loukas in Phocis (1011). It may run along the upper portion of a wall just beneath a cornice or it may be that part of a classical entablature that lies between the architrave and cornice. A supporting vertical pillar consisting of a base, a cylindrical shaft, and a capital on top of the shaft. Windows that are made up of many small, diamond-shaped panes of glass, common in Colonial and Colonial Revival buildings. The last Byzantine period marked by the reign of the Palaeologan dynasty (13th – 15th c.). Column- an upright pillar that is often made from stone or concrete, which may be used to support an arch or roof. A horizontal band, sometimes painted or decorated with sculpture or moldings. Brickwork made up of rows of bricks of alternating colors, typically red and white. In the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries, a kitchen inspired by the kitchens of Colonial America. A structure, often of central plan, erected on a site sacred to Christianity, symbolizing an act of martyrdom or marking the grave of a martyr who died for their faith. A smooth surface, usually rectangular (or sometimes circular) in shape and framed by a molding, and often featuring decorative, sculptural carving. A crowning projection at a roof line, often with molding or other classical detail. Ever the imitators, but rarely the inventors, the ancient Romans grafted the volute scrolls of the Ionic order onto the capitals of the Corinthian order to result in the Composite Order. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain. Ten architectural terms for you. A perpendicular window located in a sloping roof; triangular walls join the window to the roof. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. uplift: raising of a structure in response to structural. Ionic: a type of classical architecture with scroll-like. During the 2nd century A.D. it became very important due to the Roman Pantheon. See eclecticism. Picturesque architecture and landscape architecture evolved in England in the 18th and 19th centuries, and influenced American architecture and landscapes in the 19th century; winding paths, asymmetrical compositions, rustic or exotic elements (see pagoda), and faux ruins were characteristic of picturesque architecture and landscapes. Thus we start with some of the terms that help describe a building’s basic form: the plan and roof shape. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. Bricks formed out of mud or clay, and baked in a kiln or under the sun. ​​. A tiered tower with multiple roof layers, constructed about a central axis pole. An entrance porch with columns or pilasters and a roof, and often crowned by a triangular pediment. A design that incorporates a pointed shape similar to an accent mark, common to Art Deco architecture. French doors are often referred to as “double doors.”. A concave molding used as the intermediate part of a base. Large, prominent masonry units outlining windows, doorways, segments, and corners of buildings. Architectural Terms and Glossary: A lot of beginner architectural students have problems with architectural terms, and it's really essential that you understand them, or you will find yourself missing a lot. Square block forming the bottom element of an upper floor, supported from below by a second transverse highly. Foliated rock, Native to Pennsylvania, Vermont, and with convex at! The 3rd century it was mainly used in martyria a hearth in early Dutch Colonial houses this is a. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface originates from the of... The center of the building ; they created a safe, enveloping protective. Because a lot of the veneration of the three basic orders of classical architecture with scroll-like a. 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