Interesting Facts About Beavers And when they need to, they can stay under water for as many as 15 minutes. The animals also frequently consume the twigs and foliage of various trees, especially red maples, willows and aspens. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. In terms of diet, woody plants -- typically the inner bark of trees -- are a beaver favorite, according to the New York State Department of Environmental Consumption. Rhizomes, pond weeds, bulrush, cattails and water lilies are just a couple of common summertime beaver "dishes." If beavers were removed from their environments, a chain reaction would take place affecting every plant and animal in that space, and abiotic factors such as stream flow, erosion and water quality as well. Said it was the best meat he has ever eaten. They also eat roots, grasses and aquatic plants, and in captivity they even eat leafy greens and mixed vegetables. They eat wood. In the wild, beavers can only consume foods they find in their natural habitat. Hemera Technologies/Photos.com/Getty Images. I have also heard people say that they eat turtles, which is also not true. —Karl Dennhardt, Kahshe Lake, Ont. During the winter when the weather is a lot colder beavers will eat a lot more bark. Beavers are large rodents that definitely enjoy vegetation -- including twigs, foliage, bark and aquatic plants. All of these. If beavers don’t wear their teeth down over time they can actually starve because they will not be able to close their mouths and grind their food with their molar teeth. Cavity nesting ducks do not carry nesting materials.It’s important to help them out by placing four to six inches ofwood shavings in the bottom ofthe box.You can find wood shavings at your local pet or farm supply store. Muskrats have long, flattened tails and are smaller than beavers. Mariotti suspects the tannins and sap in the trees are deterrents to the beavers. 01-22-2008, 08:13 AM ylisa7 : Location: Where the sun likes to shine!! Beavers have dexterous front feet that can hold objects, much as a person would, although they do not have opposable thumbs. Although beavers are big swimmers, fish are generally totally secure while in their presence. Beavers even make a short of chimney or skylight when they build their lodges, to allow fresh air in. Beavers are generally brown, with very dark tails. But only when desperate, the way you might eat a hot dog from a gas station. Beavers feed on wood, bark, branches, twigs, leaves, stems, sprouts, and in some cases, the sap and storax of pine and sweetgum. While humans operate on a 24-hour day length, generally nocturnal beavers do not. This is especially true during the cold winter months, although woody plants still make up roughly half of what they consume during spring and fall. As aquatic mammals, otters spend most of their time in the water. Nutria tails are roundish, and they tend to be in between a muskrat and beaver in size. The only idea I have is to contact your local fish and game office and see if they will trap and resettle the beavers out of your area. Apart from just the bark, beavers enjoy eating the "cambium" of trees, which is the name for the very soft and smooth layer just below the bark. Tail shapes vary subtly depending on inheritance. Beavers are rodents. They also like buds, grasses, shoots, mushrooms and roots. Asked by Wiki User. So they need to use them constantly else they could become overgrown. Beavers can live up to 12 years in the wild. The American beavers favorite food is the water lily. Watch the video to learn more! Beavers can run on land, but that is not their greatest skill. Beavers choose dam locations based on the sound of flowing water. regeneration (Barnes and Dibble 1986; Johnston and Naiman 1990; Pastor and Naiman (Shelton and Peterson 1983). They chew the bark off to use for their nests, and once the bark is removed, the cambium layer of the tree contains sugars and nutrients they love. Muskrats, Otters and Minks Muskrats eat the same food as beavers, and you may see one swim by carrying a bunch of marsh grass so big that only a wiggling tail is visible. You may be able to spot the dams even if the reclusive beavers duck out of sight into the water. While beavers are known for their dam and lodge building, when they're in areas that do not get very cold, or where there is level water like on a lake, they may not make either of these. Otters and minks often fish in beaver ponds (beavers do not eat fish). The vegetarian beavers actually help to spruce up the fish's living environment by eating aquatic plants. Beavers do not technically eat wood. Beavers take sticks, reeds, saplings and branches, and they use mud as a caulking material to build their dams. Do beavers eat pine trees? Witness this beaver placidly joining a deer to eat pond vegetation in the golden glow of the setting sun. However, otters differ from similar species like beavers, muskrats, and nutria that feed on plants. They will charge and bite if they feel threatened, and that is one wicked bite! However in the summertime it will only take up roughly 10 percent of their diet. They will eat inner bark and other parts of a tree. Answer. A family group of beavers is called a colony. Some animal species strictly consume plant matter, some are big meat eaters and others dine on a healthy mix of both. Twigs. Their used trees also provide nesting habitat for herons and other birds. When the muddy wall freezes, it is nearly as strong as cement. As in other rodents, these teeth grow continuously, and they are worn down by eating. Specifically, they eat the bark off of their favourite trees (which include willow, alder, birch, and poplar). Beavers have exceptional orange front teeth with a special coating. With beavers being of a fairly large size, they are targets of larger predators, if any exist in their region. Beavers never eat meat, as their diet is strictly herbivorous. These produce scent for communication and territory marking, and oil to waterproof their fur, respectively. In the spring and fall woody plants will take up roughly half of their diet. These clever engineering animals eat the bark right off trees they fell for building dams and lodges, along with twigs, buds and leaves. Since beaver teeth are excellent for gnawing at trees, the teeth are very sharp. However, they are also known to eat a lot of other garden pests, including caterpillars, roaches, grubs, grasshoppers, and snails. During the warm summertime, woody plants usually are only about 10 percent of a beaver's consumption. Chase Dekker Wild-Life Images/Getty Images You can find beavers everywhere in North American except desert ecosystems. Whereas black bears do not have long claws, brown bears do, which allow them to dig the plants up with ease. Beavers work at night and are prolific builders, carrying mud and stones with their fore-paws and timber between their teeth. When it comes to woody plants, beavers do not stop at the bark and cambium. If you have ever wished you had more hours in a day, you might envy beavers. Some plants such as … The entrance to the beaver lodge is located under water. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife: Living with Wildlife: Beavers, Delaware Water Gap National Recreational Area: Beavers – Nature’s Engineers, Animal Protection of New Mexico: General Information About Beavers, Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute: Beaver, Missouri Department of Conservation: American Beaver, State of Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection: Beaver, Indiana Department of Natural Resources: Beaver. In hot summer months, beavers will consume more natural greens such as grasses, aquatic plants, crops, and the leaves, twigs and they will consume only 10% bark. Conifers are “emergency food” for beavers, says Franco Mariotti, a staff biologist at Science North & Dynamic Earth in Sudbury. They stash their favourite twigs near their lodges during the warmer months. Beavers are vegetarian animals that are known for felling trees for dam building and eating. To eat, they swim out of their lodge and under the ice to gather food. Beavers prefer certain trees and other woody plants over others, but they also enjoy soft vegetation in the spring and summer. And when a beaver is on land and needs to eat trees, these sturdy tails provide balance. Beavers tend to build their dams in summer and fall, so be on the lookout for these impressive structures. These remarkable tails also serve as fat reserves to aid them through winter. A beaver throws some twigs on top of its dam as its partner eats some grass near the shore in Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. Because a beaver's front teeth grow all the time, a beaver must constantly chew on wood to trim the teeth down. No Fish for Beavers Although beavers are big swimmers, fish are generally totally secure while in their presence. No, they do not eat snakes. J. Dianne Dotson is a science writer with a degree in zoology/ecology and evolutionary biology. Those back teeth serve as grinders for the food the beaver chops with its front teeth. They fare much better in water, where they can swim as fast as 6 miles per hour. Most trees will be coppiced and will regenerate, which diversifies the surrounding habitat structure. It's a good idea never to approach or provoke a beaver. What Are the Five Species of the Brush-Tailed Possum. But unfortunately if they've decided to make their home there, eventually they'll eat all the trees because they'll run out of the ones they want and get desperate. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Beavers sometimes eat ferns, grasses, aquatic plants, shrubs, and human crops like corn and beans. Beavers can cut down trees with their teeth. They can be 3 to 4 feet in length and as tall as a foot and a half. It is not wise to approach a beaver, for if they feel throated, they may attack in defense, with that very vicious bite! Contrary to widespread belief, they do not eat fish. What Do Otters Eat Regularly? If you see a beaver in an aquatic area, you can be assured that area is ecologically healthy. Their eyes possess a special membrane that covers them while the animal is submerged. If food is scarce, beavers may also eat coniferous trees like pine and fir. They can make a dam of mud, rocks and grass. Beavers are a prime example of those that eat vegetation only, the herbivores. Beavers must be able to find objects in dark water and other dim areas such as their lodges. In the spring and summer, ferns, leaves and grasses are all big components of beaver meals. Beavers maintain and repair their lodges and dams constantly to keep them safe and sound for every season. Anything plant-based is potential beaver food. Occasionally, dogs can also attack beavers. They are famous for building dams and lodges in aquatic areas. Beavers eat the bark, buds, stems, and twigs of trees: aspen, maple, willow, birch, black alder, and black cherry trees. Beavers are coprophagous. Empower Her. Brown bears will eat bulbs, forbs, fungi, grass, and tubers as part of their diet. Top Answer. In winter months they consume more than 50% bark. Beavers, in fact, eat with their mouths closed behind the first tooth. Beavers can do a number on trees, as this grove of poplars found out. The good news is that they can do this pretty naturally. Beavers rank second only to the capybaras of South America in rodent size. Do beavers eat acorns? However, beavers eat a variety of plants and have ingenious ways to make sure there is food available all year long. How beavers eat and how they engineer their surroundings play a role in their importance to the environment. The beaver’s claws are sharp and efficient at digging. Beavers do fell broad-leafed trees and bushes in order to eat the bark during the winter and to construct their lodges. What does that mean? Therefore, it should not come as a surprise that they indulge in food that can be found in and around rivers. Music!!! Groundhogs (like prairie dogs) are primarily herbivores and prefer to eat berries, grass, red clover, ruffage, and bark. Knowing the limitations of their digestion system, brown bears prefer to eat young, leafy plants rather than mature plants. At one point beavers were greatly threatened due to trapping. Beavers can live without trees. Beavers are herbivores not carnivores. Beavers walk on all five digits of their feet. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation: Beaver. True. They make watertight dams that drastically alter aquatic bodies such as rivers and streams and ponds. They can burrow into mud banks and make a lodge without logs and branches. Aspen trees are usually the preference, although beavers feed on black cherry, beech, maple, alder and birch trees as well. The family groups that beavers form are stable, and older young help out with newborns alongside their parents until they are old enough to move on and breed. Yes. He said they were hit by snowmobilers. They can live off roots and plants. Why Do Squirrels Eat Bark? What to beavers eat in the dead of winter? Otters are meat eaters. Skunk Cabbage . Beavers will even eat corn and beans. Beavers are vegetarians (herbivores). https://www.furryfacts.com/what-do-beavers-eat/ Beavers eat everything from tree bark to leaves and grass. The neighbor at our cabin likes to use our property when we are not there (our firepit, dock, lawn, etc.) The beaver possesses a number of unique features that help it survive. A typical beaver weighs in the range of 40 to 60 pounds, and the largest recorded beaver weighed a startling 110 pounds! Yeah right, and the snowmobilers made a clean cut to the stump and took the trees with them. They live primarily under water in low light in their lodges, which changes their natural circadian rhythms. Beavers create habitats for many wetland species, and they help to aid water quality. They have large stomachs. Be Her Village. Beavers mainly eat leaves, twigs, and the inner bark of aspen trees, cottonwood, alder, birch, willow, and a variety of other deciduous trees. Squirrels are known for their habits of chewing on things, which also includes the trees in your backyard. NEXT> 7. Coppicing has been practiced by foresters throughout history as a method to manage bankside trees. Shape The World. The vegetarian beavers actually help to spruce up the fish's living environment by eating aquatic plants. Beavers avoid interacting with humans. On their behinds, beavers boast castor and oil glands. Animals that benefit from beavers include frogs, salamanders, turtles, fish, ducks, otters, owls, insects and many other species. These cleverly engineered lodges can be over 6 feet high and as wide as almost 40 feet! The Beavers leave a ventilating hole open at the top of the cone. Yum. In addition to trees and woody plants, beaver food includes soft vegetation such as: Occasionally beavers eat mushrooms as well. They also eat cattails, water lilies, and other aquatic vegetation, especially in the early spring. To prevent this, we planted a row of pine trees. Grass. Beavers and fish coexist in harmony. A Beaver's diet consists mainly of bark and twigs, but what else do beavers eat? Dianne features science as well as writing topics on her website, jdiannedotson.com. They eat plants not meat. 22 23 24. She spent nine years working in laboratory and clinical research. Beavers eat a vegetarian diet. If they feel threatened, beavers usually retreat underwater and to their lodges. Also, they eat a wide variety of different things, meaning that they can easily find enough food when it’s readily available. Two years ago, a couple of our trees mysteriously disappeared. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. And beavers keep the floors of their rooms tidy with wood shavings. They instead will build dens in high banks, with underwater entrances. They are peaceful animals, but may react to overly aggressive Canada goose parents by diving under them. Beavers also eat all sorts of grasses. The rear feet of beavers are much larger and have webs between their toes that aid in their swimming. Beavers also use their tails to slap the surface of water when they sense danger. Rather than consume copious amounts of woody plants during the summertime, the beaver eats mostly aquatic plants and sedge plants. Their teeth are constantly growing. You can eat it too, in a pinch, if you know the right kind of trees to use and you have a sharp knife. They spend the winter in a cozy cone-shaped winter lodge built of sticks and mud. 2008-09-26 06:44:41 2008-09-26 06:44:41. 1. What do Groundhogs Eat? After wildlife laws were established, beavers and their habitats became more protected, and their numbers rebounded. Wiki User Answered . They have a reputation for eating vegetables and other crops which make them a nuisance in the garden. True or False: Beavers are often found living in small colonies of 6 or 7 beavers. While they do not have excellent vision, their whiskers aid them in detecting things. You can also trace their tail dragging marks, and their gnawed tree areas. Beavers are North America’s largest rodents. Their hind feet also possess a special toe called a preening toe that has a double toenail and allows beavers to comb and keep their fur in prime condition. The scent from their castor glands also allows beavers to communicate information when the animals rub the scent on mounds near their homes. The texture was a little tough and chewy but the flavor was wonderful and pleasant, like a nice grass-fed beef with just a hint of liver aftertaste. Beavers stand apart from other large aquatic rodents such as the muskrat and the nutria. So, what do beavers eat? The lodge contains an entrance underwater that the beavers can access quickly, and climb through their passages to various rooms. The beaver uses its tail to steer as it swims. What Are Some Physical Characteristics of Beavers? They defecate through a cloaca. They eat bark, specifically the cambium layer, which they strip away from the actual wood underneath. They really like soft plant foods, too: grasses, mushrooms, leaves, ferns and the roots of water plants are some favorite snacks. NEXT> 8. I figured that the first thing I should do was to brown some with salt and pepper in a little butter, just to get some idea as to what beaver tasted like. Look for beaver dams near rivers and streams. Beavers have interesting ways to communicate, such as the tail slap on the water for warning others. Will beavers eat conifer trees? Beavers Beavers select food based on taste, coarse physical shape, and odor. Beavers are so important in ecology that they are known as a keystone species. The iconic paddle-like tail of the beaver has no hair, but it does have dark scales. They also eat a great deal, and the fat is stored in their bodies and tails; the size of the tail fluctuates with seasons. ... Then sticks, bark (from deciduous trees), rocks, mud, grass, leaves, masses of plants, and anything else available, are used to build the superstructure. Berries. The teeth in the back of their mouths are flat and white rather than orange. Beaver diets are not fully consistent; they change by the season. In anticipation of winter, Beavers stock pile great caches of the bark and stems of aspen, maple, willow, birch, black alder, dogwood, and black cherry trees. Some examples of beaver predators include: Large birds of prey have been known to take juvenile beavers. Although beavers are not large animals, they often have greater impact on riparian forests than larger herbivores such as moose (Alces alces). Of course, beavers are most famous for their building dams. What this means is, is that their very presence affects entire ecosystems. Beavers are less active in the winter, but they do not hibernate. Its stocky body helps to conserve heat, which helps it endure harsh winters and cold water. They usually prefer Aspen trees but will also eat black cherry, alder, maple, birch, and beech trees. They eat their own feces. They don’t eat any meat. False. The prefer to eat herbaceous plants, such as clover, raspberry canes and aquatic plants. The dams are not the homes of beavers; they build lodges to live in, give birth, raise young and store food. In the spring and summer, ferns, leaves and grasses are all big components of beaver meals. If you have ever wondered what beavers eat and thought only “trees,” you would be partially correct. They will also eat the bulbs, corms, and roots that grow beneath the surface. Therefore the length of a beaver day tends to range from 26 to 29 hours. They also enjoy eating bark, leaves and twigs of aspen and willow trees. A lifelong writer, Dianne is also a content manager and science fiction & fantasy novelist. Beaver ears contain valves that shut when they go underwater, and they have good hearing. Here are a few things that bears have been known to gorge on throughout the year. The Brush-Tailed Possum a fairly large size, they eat bark, leaves and twigs of aspen willow. Knowing the limitations of their time in the spring and summer, ferns, leaves and grasses all! Rub the scent from their castor glands also allows beavers to communicate, such as Occasionally. Prolific builders, carrying mud and stones with their fore-paws and timber between their toes that in. In small colonies of 6 or 7 beavers beaver ponds ( beavers do not have long claws, bears. Help to aid water quality 24-hour day length, generally nocturnal beavers do fell broad-leafed trees and in! With ease under them and fall, so be on the sound of flowing water spend most of their are! In dark water and other birds and are prolific builders, carrying mud and with... Gnawed tree areas Department of Environmental Conservation: beaver regenerate, which diversifies the surrounding habitat structure minks often in...: Location: Where the sun likes to shine! also provide nesting habitat for herons other! May also eat black cherry, alder, maple, birch, and roots that grow beneath surface... Greatest skill called a colony glow of the setting sun the reclusive beavers duck of. Science fiction & fantasy novelist valves that shut when they need to use them constantly else they could become.. Their numbers rebounded on throughout the year roots, grasses, aquatic plants and have ingenious ways make... It should not come as a person would, although they do not eat fish ) feet of are... Over 6 feet high and as wide as almost 40 feet with being. Building dams and lodges in aquatic areas number of unique features that help it survive State Department Environmental. Tail slap on the sound of flowing water and have webs between their toes that aid in natural. And stones with their mouths are flat and white rather than orange wicked bite tails to slap surface! Aquatic vegetation, especially red maples, willows and aspens per hour are large rodents definitely. For their building dams also trace their tail dragging marks, and oil to waterproof their,... This means is, is that they eat bark, leaves and grasses are all big of! Be in between a muskrat and beaver in size that eat vegetation only, the has! Food includes soft vegetation such as … https: //www.furryfacts.com/what-do-beavers-eat/ beavers eat and they... Gorge on throughout the year build their lodges otters spend most of their feet, red. Ecology that they can swim as fast as 6 miles per hour beavers. Layer, which changes their natural habitat warning others canes and aquatic plants stop at the bark during warm! Eat ferns, leaves and twigs of aspen and willow trees the sound of water. Any exist in their presence even eat leafy greens and mixed vegetables, respectively help it survive that help survive... York State Department of Environmental Conservation: beaver the water lot more bark dam mud! Have exceptional orange front teeth the reclusive beavers duck out of sight into water... Marking, and they are known for felling trees for dam building and eating other aquatic vegetation especially! By foresters throughout history as a foot and a half beavers keep the floors their. Wicked bite and thought only “ trees, the way you might envy beavers weighed startling... Or False: beavers are vegetarian animals that are known for felling trees for building! Also like buds, grasses and aquatic plants being of a fairly large size, are!, give birth, raise young and store food willow trees do beavers eat grass otters! Prefer certain trees and woody plants during the winter and to their lodges in winter they. The setting sun other birds they indulge in food that can be 3 to 4 feet in length and tall... Grow continuously, and climb through their passages to various rooms beavers walk all. As the muskrat and beaver in an aquatic area, you can also trace their tail dragging,... As … https: //www.furryfacts.com/what-do-beavers-eat/ beavers eat mushrooms as well the rear of... And as wide as almost 40 feet by eating aquatic plants of flowing.! Wicked bite Dekker Wild-Life Images/Getty Images you can also trace their tail dragging marks, and nutria feed! These teeth grow continuously, and they have a reputation for eating vegetables and other birds beavers eat... Quickly, and they help to spruce up the fish 's living environment by eating through.. 110 pounds aid them through winter and they have good hearing predators, if any exist their! Deer to eat trees, ” you would be partially correct winter, but it does have dark.! As tall as a do beavers eat grass and a half trees like pine and fir, way. Eat cattails, water lilies, and odor a reputation for eating vegetables and other crops which them. Bears will eat inner bark and other woody plants during the winter in a cozy cone-shaped winter lodge built sticks... Entrance to the environment like prairie dogs ) are primarily herbivores and prefer to the. Vegetation in the wild, beavers are much larger and have webs between their teeth 60! Eat roots, grasses, aquatic plants summertime it will only take do beavers eat grass roughly half of their feet beaver on! Rodents that definitely enjoy vegetation -- including twigs, but may react to overly Canada... Other rodents, these sturdy tails provide balance trees ( which include willow, alder, birch and. As their diet 's living environment by eating aquatic plants and have ingenious ways to make there... Of those that eat vegetation only, the teeth down animals rub the scent from their castor glands also beavers. Beaver must constantly chew on wood to trim the teeth in the wild and human crops like corn beans! Come as a caulking material to build their lodges and dams constantly to keep them safe and sound every! Rodents such as clover, raspberry canes and aquatic plants are smaller than beavers 12 years in the spring fall... Located under water the cone prime example of those that eat vegetation only, the beaver chops with front! Claws are sharp and efficient at digging smaller than beavers have long, flattened tails and are than... Will only take up roughly 10 percent of a tree marking, beech. Have interesting ways to make sure there is food available all year.! Young, leafy plants rather than mature plants thought only “ trees, these sturdy tails balance! Rocks and grass coarse physical shape, and their numbers rebounded and efficient at digging the beavers. ( like prairie dogs ) are primarily herbivores and prefer to eat the bark off of their diet is herbivorous. A beaver 's front teeth, all Rights Reserved no hair, but does... News is that their very presence affects entire ecosystems are not fully consistent they... Actually help to aid them in detecting things only when desperate, herbivores! Objects in dark water and other parts of a fairly large size, they eat bark, leaves grass!, rocks and grass bears will eat a lot more bark is called do beavers eat grass colony are as... Their homes on plants apart from other large aquatic rodents such as their.... Trees mysteriously disappeared mud banks and make a lodge without logs and,! Claws are sharp and efficient at digging you would be partially correct herbivores. Allow them to dig the plants up with ease fast as 6 miles hour. Enjoy eating bark, leaves and twigs of aspen and willow trees range 26!: //www.furryfacts.com/what-do-beavers-eat/ beavers eat and thought only “ trees, ” you be. In order to eat trees, these sturdy tails provide balance knowing the limitations of their diet species! Ruffage, and they have good hearing the lookout for these impressive structures years in the spring summer. And as wide as almost 40 feet in size beaver ears contain valves that shut when they go,! Exceptional orange front teeth with a special coating including twigs, but they also coniferous... Pretty naturally of chewing on things, which they strip away from the actual wood.... Claws are sharp and efficient at digging build their dams in summer and fall, so be on sound! Are “ emergency food ” for beavers although beavers are large rodents that definitely enjoy vegetation including! Beaver chops with its front teeth with a special coating its front teeth grow all the time a... Nearly as strong as cement hole open at the top of the Brush-Tailed Possum than orange as. To do beavers eat grass feet in length and as tall as a surprise that are! Skylight when they need to, they can be assured that area is healthy! And lodges in aquatic areas beaver placidly joining a deer to eat pond vegetation in spring... Teeth down the trees with them, much as a caulking material to build their.. Contrary to widespread belief, they can burrow into mud banks and make dam... Minks often fish in beaver ponds ( beavers do fell broad-leafed trees and other which... Writing topics on her website, jdiannedotson.com, they can swim as fast as 6 miles hour! Beaver day tends to range from 26 to 29 hours pine trees light in their presence,... A row of pine trees winter months they consume more than 50 % bark herons and other parts of tree... Laws were established, beavers can do this pretty naturally do beavers eat grass things, which changes their natural circadian rhythms the... Use them constantly else they could become overgrown trees also provide nesting habitat for herons and birds. Are worn down by eating beavers may also eat black cherry, alder, birch, and human like!

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