What is the most distinguishing characteristic of Hinduism? Each of these small segments or groups or castes is a well developed ��� Rooted in religion and based on a division of labor, the caste system, among other things, dictates the type of occupations a person can pursue and the social interactions that she may have. In North India Brahmin would accept pakka food only from some castes lower than his own. The latter term describes any group that has characteristics ��� The system is popular in Sri Lanka with an estimated 90% of the population recognizing the country���s caste system. Caste membership also involves rules about food and food-sharing. marriage is restricted to members of the group. Brahmins��� They have been most overrated peoples from the ancient times. This is because the element of competition is absent in the Jajmani system. Indian Politics: Caste in politics and politicization of caste Several characteristics distinguish a Caste System. It can be argued that the caste system is equivalent to Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage (1817), but instead of looking at advantages in ��� one's social status is determined at birth or ascription and set for life. Caste system is a system much like western concept of racism where people are discriminated against due to their skin colour; similarly, in caste system, discrimination is done on the basis of birth i.e. What kinds of food may or may not be eaten is prescribed and who one may share food with is also specified. They have been even worshipped by other caste people. Caste system can be defined as a social structure according to the class of people, which gets decided by their birth.For example, A caste system makes you poor if you are born in a poor family. Broadly speaking, a caste system is a process of placing people in occupational groups. The caste system has imposed certain restrictions on the food habitats of the members these differ from caste to caste. Its origin, evolution and existence are peculiar to India. It has handed over the knowledge and skills of the hereditary occupation of a caste from one generation to another, which has helped preservation of culture and ensured productivity. Jajmani system is based upon a division of labour and according to Wieser, it is much more efficient in functioning than the modern market system. Loosely, it means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you���re going to be poor, too. Socio-Economic Factors. Each of these castes is a well developed social group, the membership of which is based on birth. G S Ghurye ���s understanding of Caste in India can be considered as historical, indological as well as comparative.In his book ���Caste and race in India��� he agrees with Sir Herbert Risley that ���Caste is a product of race that came to India with along with aryans���.According to him caste originated from race and occupation stabilised it. Caste system has continued the traditional social organization of India. It has pervaded several aspects of Indian society for centuries. 1.The first is the tendency toward endogamy, meaning that people marry within the same caste exclusively. What is the Caste System based on today? But he would not accept kachcha food prepared with the use of water at the hands of no other caste ��� It has accommodated multiple communities by ensuring each of them a monopoly of a specific means of livelihood . Caste System: Caste system is a system in which people are born to different castes and have to live in it all their lives. The caste system is a strict social class system which determines how people are to live and what they are able to do. Prof. Ghurye opines that the main characteristics of the caste system are the following: 1. ( I have used the words upper/ lower caste dark/ fair complexion only to identify population groups. A Social structure in Hinduism, religion-based system of stratification characterized by no social mobility. Meaning. Caste is a word derived from Portuguese, meaning ���lineage.��� The closest Indian terms are varna, meaning ���color��� or ���class,��� and jati, meaning ���birth.���The former is the term generally used for the caste system. (c) Political Functions: Caste is a source of some united political action in so far the people belonging to a particular caste, at times, act a political bloc. Watch Queue Queue. Same goes ��� Characteristics of the Caste System: Segmental Division of Society: Under caste system, society is divided into several small social groups called castes. The caste system is a hereditary classification of people in a society. Caste groups are "endogamous", i.e. Caste system is a phenomenon related to Hinduism in particular. Chaturvarna system is a Sanskrit term which means four kinds of color. This classification is based on social occupation, endogamy, social class, and social group. Caste System in India. In a caste system the society is divided into different segments called castes. Caste systems are hereditary systems of social class in many parts of the world. A caste system is a class structure that is determined by birth. But most importantly, it focusses on the characteristics of caste which are still continuing today, its features which have changed social class controlled every aspect of daily life by the division of Indian society into groups based on rank, wealth, or occupation. There already exists a mass of literature on the Hindu Caste Systems and some work has also been done on the Muslim castes in India. As Dr. G.S. The status of a person gets pre-determined in a caste system. 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