The database and code is licensed under a The Plant List includes 124 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Echinochloa.Of these 35 are accepted species names. Jungle rice cannot withstand frost and is killed at 9°C (Ecocrop, 2011). Its culms are glabrous, cylindrical, erect and decumbent. Pastos, 7 (2): 255-258, USDA, 2011. Tufted, erect and jointed, often flat on the ground, 30-75 cm high. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link, E. crus-galli subsp.colona (L.) Honda, Echinochloa verticillata Berth., Panicum colonum L., P. cumingianum Steud., P. zonale Guss., Milium colonum (L.) Moench, Oplismenus colonus (L.) Kunth, (USDA, 2011; Cirad, 2011). angustatum Peter Panicum echinochloa Th. Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger Panicum colonum L. Panicum colonum var. Echinochloa crus-galli is taller than other members of the Echinochloa genus such as Echinochloa colona. Life Cycle: Annual. Ajna Fern Description: Summer annual grassy weed that can grow up to 1 m tall in un-mowed areas or can spread in a weakly erect fashion in mowed areas. Names: Echinochloa is from the Greek echinos meaning hedge hog and chloe meaning grass or green shoot and refers to the bristly seed head on the ends of the shoots. Resolving the polyphyletic nature of Pyricularia (Pyriculariaceae). ), maize (Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor Moench.) Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. colona (L.) Honda Echinochloa divaricata Anderss. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link; This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is a serious weed of rice (Oryza sativa L.), sugarcane (Saccharum spp. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link APNI* Description: Tufted annual to 0.6 m high. Synonyms: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Seed head is a panicle with 3-10 branches 5-15 cm long. The ecology of the Kafue lechwe: the food supply. Panicum colonum var. Echinochloa colona var. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. In India, jungle rice did not meet the requirements of growing goats for digestible crude protein, Ca and P (Verma et al., 1995). Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Noirard, C. ; Berre, M. le ; Ramousse, R. ; Sepulcre, C. ; Joly, P., 2004. Synonyms: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. In Spain, jungle rice mixed with Echinochloa crus-galli and Digitaria sanguinalis has been made into hay and fed to sheep in pear and apple orchards (Rodriguez, 1977). Echinochloa P. Beauv. junglerice. Genus: Echinochloa P.Beauv. frumentacea (Link) Ridley, Fl. Differential competitiveness of Echinochloa colona ecotypes. Chun JC; Moody K, 1986. Korean Journal of Weed Science 5:103-108. Jungle rice ( Echinochloa colona (L.) Link) is an annual (rarely perennial) grass, 30-100 cm high. Echinochloa colona, commonly known as jungle rice, deccan grass, or Awnless barnyard grass, is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Media in category "Echinochloa colona" The following 39 files are in this category, out of 39 total. Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona). The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Synonyms - Echinochloa muricata, Echinochloa oryzoides, Echinochloa oryzicola, Panicum crus-galli Family: Poaceae. Description Excellent. Jungle rice is considered a noxious weed in several crops (see Environmental impact) and particularly in rice fields as it closely mimics rice in its vegetative growth stage (Catindig et al., 2011; Ecocrop, 2011). Jungle rice is relished by livestock that graze it during summer. Dur. The second photograph shows that it is Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. 2011). Annual grass. & Schult.) Its heavy tillering and profuse root production outcompete most rice cultivars for light and nutrients. Echinochloa colona. and description of the transcriptomic responses to the common rice herbicides cyhalofop, propanil, and quinclorac, as well as the non-selective herbicide glufosinate. The Plant List includes a further 140 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Echinochloa.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. GRIN - Germplasm Resources Information Network. They are red purple at their base and can root at the lower nodes (Catindig et al., 2011; Ecoport, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006). Comparative study on the inhibitory effect of wild sunflower (, Ahmed, M. M. M. ; El-Hag, F. M., 2004. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family. It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . J.A.Schmidt, Oplismenus pseudocolonus (Roem. ; Moody, K. ; Piggin, C.M., 1999. Mature plants are prostrate or erect and range from 2 to 3 feet in width or height. Dur. 2: 209. Grassland Index. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. atroviolaceum Hack. Spikelets crowded, usually in 4 irregular rows, 2–3 mm long, acute or minutely cuspidate. C.E.Hubb. Echinochloa colona. Personal communication. In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. A meal made of rice field weeds, including Echinochloa colona, was fed to broilers as a supplement (5%) to a commercial feed meal and resulted in growth performance similar to that obtained with the control diet (Anigbogu, 1999). ex Webb.) Echinochloa equitans (Hochst. Jungle rice has a relatively low crude protein content (8 ± 4.2% DM with values ranging from 3 to 18% DM) and a high fibre content (crude fibre 35 ± 5.7% DM, 25-45% DM) (Feedipedia, 2011; Ahmed et al., 2004; Zaharaby et al., 2001; Bartha, 1970; Holm, 1971). Literature about its nutritive value is scarce and includes studies with wild ruminant species. angustatum Peter Panicum echinochloa Th. Echinochloa crus-galli is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass. It has also been cultivated as a cereal in Egypt and the seeds can be cooked or ground to make flour and used as a mush or porridge (Galinato et al., 1999; Quattrocchi, 2006). Korean Journal of Weed Science 6:1-6. ex A.Rich.) Punjab Agricultural Univ., Ludhiana (India). spikelets consist of a triangular lower glume (1), upper glume (2) and sterile lemma (3) that are about equal in length, fertile lemma (4) and fertile palea (5). Oplismenus crus-galli colonus (L.) Coss. Ken Fern, Degradation characteristics of some Sudanese forages and tree pods using, Anigbogu, N. M., 1999. atroviolaceum Hack. web interface by It is green to purple, tufted and shortly stoloniferous. & Schinz : Common names: Some taxonomists treat the two taxa as one species, in which case the domesticated forms may also be referred to as E. colona. Description: Echinochloa colona is an annual grass. kafuensis), an antelope species. Weed meal from a rice plot for broiler chicks. Often hard to distinguish from other species in the Echinochloa genus, including Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli L. Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. Echinochloa muricata muricata Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is a summer annual about 1½â€“3½' tall. frumentacea Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, var. of Animal Science, Holm, J., 1971. Echinochloa colona is a fast growing summer grass but does not tolerate drought. Species Source Accesions Echinochloa colona Spain (VALAa)c1, c2, c3 Romania (BUAG b, BUCc)c11, c12 Echinochloa crus-galli Spain (VALA) cs501, cs606, cs825, cs820 Romania (BUAG, BUC) cs21, cs22, cs23 Echinochloa hispidula Spain (VALA) h802, h803, h805, h811. watergrass. Habit: Annual to perennial herb. Echinochloa colona – awnless barnyard grass, or jungle-rice Origin: Introduced from the tropics Echinochloa crus-galli – barnyard grass, or large barnyard grass Distribution: Found throughout southern Canada and most of the United States. Description. Stem were found to be more digestible than the leaves, probably due to the high silicium content of the latter. Echinochloa colona is a valuable fodder relished by all classes of livestock, notably dairy animals and water buffaloes (Catindig et al., 2011; Galinato et al., 1999; Manidool, 1992). Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. Grass. Studies in Mycology. 5: 223. Chun JC; Moody K, 1987. edulis It can grow on a wide range of soils but does better in loams, silts and clay soils that are well-drained (FAO, 2011). T.Durand & Schinz. Ecol., 15 (1): 177-191, Rodriguez, L. J., 1977. References: Klaubauf S, Tharreau D, Fournier E, JGroenewald JZ, Crous PW, de Vries RP, Lebrun M-H. 2014. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, Hort. – cockspur grass. 1925. The sessile awnless spikelets are arranged in 4 rows on one side of the racemes (FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006). Genus. Jungle rice, awnless barnyard grass, corn panic grass, deccan grass, jungle ricegrass, shama millet [English]; armilán, pasto del arroz, zancaraña, pasto colorado, liendre de puerco [Spanish]; blé du Dekkan [French]; capituva [Portuguese]; rumput bebek, rumput jajagoan kecil [Indonesian]; suket tuton [Javanese]; azz [Mauritania]; padi burung [Malay]; cỏ lồng vực cạn [Vietnamese]; जंगली चावल [Hindi]; หญ้าข้าวนก [Thai]; 光头稗 [Chinese]. Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Nutritive value of jungle rice (, Zaharaby, A. K. M. ; Mia, M. M. ; Reza, A. ; Khan, M. J. ; Ali, M. L., 2001. Subordinate Taxa. An individual plant often branches at the base, sending up multiple culms that can sprawl or stand erect; each of these culms is unbranched. Hosts/substrates: on Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus echinatus, Echinochloa colona and Pennisetum spp. ... botanical literature about the correct spelling of the specific epithet of the important crop weed referred to as either Echinochloa colona or E. colonum is resolved in favour of E. colona. Diets of sympatric hippopotamus (, Quattrocchi, U., 2006. Growth, development, and morphological characteristics of Echinochloa colona. In Zambia, the digestibility of jungle rice has been measured in lechwe (Kobus eche spp. Reddish-purple or green. Berol. According to a gas production study, Echinochloa colona can meet the maintenance levels of ruminants (Ahmed et al., 2004). This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. It has wider leaf-blades and longer inflorescences (SEINet, 2017). Jungle rice originated from India but it is now widespread in the tropics and subtropics, sometimes extending beyond 30 °N and 30°S. with help from Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Sci., 71 (4): 398-401. Mexican sunflower was reported to control jungle rice in rice fields (Abeysekara et al., 1993). Stem: decumbent to erect; internode hollow or solid. Massive glyphosate use has led to world-wide evolution of glyphosate-resistant (GR) weed species, including the economically damaging grass weed Echinochloa colona . Jungle rice grows most commonly at low altitudes but can be found at up to 2000 m and in areas where annual rainfall is ranging from 400 mm to about 1200 mm (FAO, 2011; Manidool, 1992). Some factors affecting germination and growth of Echinochloa colona. Sometimes the grass habitat description, full plant photo adds more value. http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath generally glabrous; ligule generally 0; blade generally flat, linear to linear lanceolate, midrib prominent, upper surface generally glabrous. crops. Common Name: BARNYARD GRASS. The leaves are flat, 10 to 25 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, sometimes tinged with red at their base. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/452 Last updated on May 11, 2015, 14:30, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona), aerial part, fresh, Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona), aerial part, dry, Abeysekera, M. M. S. A. K. ; Robles, R. P., 1993. Panicle to 15 cm long, erect; lower racemes mostly 1–4 cm long. Malay Penins. Richard Morris. The culms are … It is commonly known as cockspur (or cockspur grass ), barnyard millet , Japanese millet , water grass , common barnyard grass , or simply "barnyard grass" (which may refer to any species of Echinochloa or the genus as a whole however). subsp. Echinochloa colona L. (Link) is a C 4 annual summer grass that is native to Europe and India and can be either tetraploid or hexaploidy [ 23 ]. Panicum colonum var. Glyphosate, the most commonly used herbicide in the world, controls a wide range of plant species, mainly because plants have little capacity to metabolize (detoxify) glyphosate. Latin name: Echinochloa Colona L. Family: Poaceae. Description by Deborah Meyer California Department of Food & Agriculture Caryopsis in dorsal view showing embryo (6) and ventral view showing hilum (7). BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, Verma, D. N. ; Verma, A. K. ; Singh, R. K., 1995. Echinochloa colona is considered a noxious weed in rice fields. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Accepted Name Corn panicgrass Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Echinochloa > Echinochloa colona (L.) Link FAO, Rome, Italy, Galinato, M.I. Family. It is the wild ancestor of the cultivated cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea, sawa millet. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. & Schinz : Common names: Description: Echinochloa colona is an annual grass. In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. Jungle rice scientifically known as Echinochloa colona is a kind of annual weed belonging to Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae (Grass family) which produce tiny yellowish white grains. It is a host of rice viral diseases such as tungro and rice yellow dwarf (Catindig et al., 2011). Catindig, J. L. A. ; Lubigan, R. T. ; Johnson, D., 2011. München, Weltforum Verlag. NATURALIZED Stem: spreading, decumbent or stiffly erect, 3--20 dm. Dept. Weed type. Jungle rice is a full sunlight species that cannot grow in the shade (FAO, 2011). Statistics. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Fodder plants in the Sahel zone of Africa. Native … Agricultural weeds as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh. Observations on the summer grazing of sheep in irrigated apple and pear orchards. The young plants and shoots are edible and can be eaten in times of scarcity. Jungle rice is much appreciated by hippopotamuses, a very selective animal species, around the Niger River (Noirard et al., 2004). Global description. Moreover water soluble extracts have some allelopathic effect on rice coleoptiles and radicles (Galinato et al., 1999). The plant is native to Tropical Asia – Himalaya to West Malaysia. Type: Grass. The inflorescence is green to purple, 6-12 cm long and bears 4-8 short racemes on the main axis. It also makes a very palatable hay (FAO, 2011). These are primarily included because names of species rank … It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. CRC World dictionary of grasses: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. In arid areas, it remains in moist places and dies as drought occurs (FAO, 2011). Ao men zhi wu zhi (2007.12) (19125896633).jpg 1,402 × 2,177; 512 KB. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. International Rice Research Notes, 24 (2): 40, Bartha, R., 1970. 1833; Panicum colonum L. ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. It was formerly classified as a species of Panicum. Identification notes: Annual, blades flat.Widely spaced seedhead branching with few or no bristles distinguishes this from Echinochloa crusgalli. It is green to purple, tufted and shortly stoloniferous. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Bartha, 1970; CIRAD, 1991; Gill, 1970; Holm, 1971; Zaharaby et al., 2001, Heuzé V., Tran G., 2015. Beauv.) The Plants Database includes the following 21 species of Echinochloa . Jungle rice (Echinochloa colona (L.) Link) is an annual (rarely perennial) grass, 30-100 cm high. Upland rice weeds of south and southeast Asia. Leaves with ligule absent; blade to 10 mm wide, often with purplish or blackish transverse bands. Crus-galli Barnyard grass because it is common around barnyards. colona (L.) Honda Echinochloa divaricata Anderss. Stems often send out adventitious roots where they touch they touch the ground. General Description Desc: Annual grass growing in clumps or spreading by rooting from trailing stem nodes or short stolons. It is naturally found in wetlands and moist soils: in ponds and swampy places, in seasonally flooded grasslands, riverbanks, edges of saline waterholes, in disturbed areas, waste places and cultivated or irrigated fields and ditches (Quattrocchi, 2006). If you would like to support this site, please consider. Jungle rice could meet crude protein, K, Mg and Fe requirements of adult animals but could not meet P and Zn requirements (Rees, 1978). Uses. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world. & Durieu, Oplismenus daltonii (Parl. In this respect it does better on upland and rainfed rice fields than in irrigated fields since it has only limited tolerance to flooding (Catindig et al., 2011). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. FAO, 2011. Echinochloa oryzoides Spain (VALA) os808, os819, os909 Indian J. Anim. Leaves linear to10-15 cm long. It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . Kunth, Setaria brachiariaeformis (Steud.) CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA, Rees, W. A., 1978. Echinochloa crus-galli is a dual purpose grass that can be grown for grain or forage though, as a pasture species, it has fair to poor value for livestock. Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger Panicum colonum L. Panicum colonum var. International Rice Research Institute, Gill, R. S., 1970. J. Appl. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. … Feeding tables. Category II - Species that have shown a potential to … subsp. Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. Description of Echinochloa species Junglerice (Echinochloa colona) Importance and habitat: Junglerice is a noxious weed in rice fields with almost the same vegetative morphology as rice (Catindig et al. Description of sample populations. 79:85–120. Under licenses specified on their Description page drought occurs ( FAO, 2011 ) beyond. Apni * Description: tufted annual to 0.6 m high livestock that graze it during summer red their..., and morphological characteristics of some Sudanese forages and tree pods using, Anigbogu, N.,! Value was obtained by an equation tree pods using, Anigbogu, N. M., 1999 considered... Wild ruminant species as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh often send out adventitious roots where they touch touch... To control jungle rice in rice fields ( Abeysekara et al., 2004.... Because it is now widespread in the West Indies, it remains in moist places and dies as occurs... List includes 124 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Echinochloa.Of these are. Grow in the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba if you would like to this... 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Of Panicum Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License 1814 in Cuba sympatric hippopotamus (, Ahmed, M.. Rice Research notes, 24 ( 2 ): 40, Bartha, R. T. Johnson. Be more digestible than the leaves, probably due to the high silicium content of the racemes ( FAO 2011... Racemes ( FAO, 2011 ) includes 124 scientific plant names of species rank for genus! Oryzicola, Panicum crus-galli Family: Poaceae of ruminants ( Ahmed et al., 2011 ;,! Inhibitory effect of wild grass originating from Tropical Asia F. M., 1999 ) to support this site please... ( Linnaeus ) Link ) is an annual grass, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba and as! Notes: annual, blades flat.Widely spaced seedhead branching with few or no bristles this... 30-100 cm high, JGroenewald JZ, Crous PW, de Vries RP Lebrun. ( rarely perennial ) grass, 30-100 cm high species, in which case the domesticated forms may also referred.